What are Cannabinoids?
Since so many people use cannabis for medicinal or recreational purposes, getting a little information about cannabinoids can go a long way in terms of making healthier choices for your brain and body.
First and foremost, you should be aware that the success of cannabis is all in the cannabinoids. These compounds are responsible for the various effects that marijuana has on the body, making it the reason why people get high. They are also the cause why medical marijuana works so well in alleviating so many symptom related ailments.
Various kinds of cannabinoids and similar compounds found in your body fuse together to get you high, or rather help you heal. However, it is not as simple as that. The relationship between cannabinoids and our bodies is quite complex.
Cannabis and Cannabinoids
Cannabis, which is also popularly known as marijuana, contains more than 500 natural compounds, with cannabinoids making up at least 85 of these compounds. Even though some cannabinoids are psychoactive, others are not. Out of these 85 cannabinoids, two of them stand out, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). THC is well-known for its psychoactive properties. It is the main reason why people get “buzzed” after taking marijuana.
Most of the strains of marijuana currently on the market are cultivated with higher levels of THC. In medical cases, this is a good thing. However, it is important to note that too much of it can trigger paranoia or anxiety, especially for novice users.
CBD is a type of non-psychoactive cannabinoid that actually works to calm one’s high. It is also believed that CBD has various medicinal benefits such as the ability to protect one’s neurons from degeneration or injury as well as anti-inflammatory properties.
How they work
In the early 1990s, a group of scientists discovered the link that exists between cannabis and getting high. In their research, they highlighted that a person’s brain creates its own set of cannabinoids that are similar to those found in cannabis. These compounds are produced through the endocannabinoid system, which was named after Cannabis Sativa. This system is responsible for various important functions such as sleep, movement, emotion, and appetite.
Cannabinoids work by interrelating with certain receptors which are located within different areas of the body, such as the immune and central nervous system. They activate 2 types of receptors; the CB1 receptors, which are located in the nervous system, brain, and nerve endings, and the CB2 receptors, which are found within the immune system.
Whenever marijuana enters your body, THC starts to activate the endocannabinoid system by attaching itself to the cannabinoid receptors. The result of these processes is slower reactions, affected memory, and impaired judgment. Due to the location of the receptors in the brain, a person also begins to feel high.
How is CBD Processed?
In order for CBD-rich cannabis oil to be extracted, one must first start with a CBD-rich plant material. There are various ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, and each one comes with its own set of pros and cons. Some processes tend to be safer and more effective than others. In fact, it is important to note that cannabis oil made from neurotoxic solvents such as hexane and butane may leave unsafe residue that could potentially compromise certain immune functions and impede healing.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is one of the 85 compounds found in cannabis. It is the end product that comes from extracting CBD-rich oil from hemp or marijuana plants. Most people tend to take CBD oil because of its various benefits. Some of the main reasons include the desire to promote a general state of wellness and as a relaxation alternative after a long and full day.
Understanding how to process CBD oil is an ideal way to understand CBD, its impact on the body and how it differs from THC.
The following are some of the primary ways through which CBD is processed.
This super-critical or sub-critical CO2 method employs the use of carbon dioxide placed under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to preserve, isolate, and maintain the purity levels of this medicinal oil. However, the CO2 extraction process requires rather expensive equipment and a sheer operational learning curve. The big reward behind it is that when done well, the end product is potent, safe, and free of any chlorophyll.
High grade grain alcohol can be utilized to produce high quality cannabis oil, which is particularly ideal for vape pen cartridges and other such products. However, the main problem with this type of CBD processing method is that it destroys the plants waxes, which may contain various health benefits that are preferred by some product makers.
Extra virgin oil or otherwise can also be utilized to extract cannabis oil. According to Dr. Arno Hazekamp, who is the director of phytochemical research at Bedrocan BV, which is responsible for providing medical cannabis for the Dutch Health Ministry, believes that this particular CBD processing method to be both safe and affordable. He further goes on to state that it is highly unlikely that anyone would get themselves blown up by making cannabis-infused olive oil. However, it should be noted that cannabis-infused oil, be it THC-dominant or CBD-rich, is perishable and should therefore be kept in a cool and dark place.
It is also possible to extract CBD oil from both a hemp plant and medical marijuana. Even though there are distinct differences between the CBD Oils produced from these plants, the most important one is the amount of THC and CBD contained in the oil produced.
With the information provided above, it is up to the user to decide what will work best for their situation. CBD products are plenty in the market. Looking them up on the internet can help you to see the different products available.